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Bosa: the village

Beside the banks of the Temo, the only navigable river in Sardinia, the town of Bosa is dominated by the Malaspina castle, which stands on the Serravalle hill around which the colorful houses of the medieval town make a unique and charming landscape. The palm trees swaying in the breeze along the river, the classic line of the old tannery buildings, the cobbled lanes of the medieval quarter of the town, the houses painted in a rich mixture of colours, if lucky, the flight of the vulture around the Castle of Malaspina, and the blue sea – this is Bosa. A unique mixture of feelings and emotions as you explore the many different facets it has to offer.

From the buildings of the old tanneries Sas Conzas (warehouses once used for tanning and leather processing) that are reflected in the calm waters of the river to the district of Sa Costa, all streets and stairways, where you can still find women sitting in doorways making the traditional Bosa filet – a sort of lace. The imposing castle of the Malaspina, built in 1112 by the marquis of Malaspina dello Spino Secco, with the towers and the wall, inside of which you find the church of Our Lady of Regnos Altos, built in 1300, containing a remarkable frieze of frescoes of the Catalan school.
The main street of the town, Corso Vittorio Emanuele, was once called sa piatta [the flat] to indicate, in fact, the main road. Flanking this street are the grand old houses of the wealthy families of Bosa, such as the Palace of Don Carlo.
The great cathedral of Bosa, renovated in the late nineteenth century is of the Piemontese Baroque.

Upstream from Bosa is the old town of Calmedia beside the Temo, where you find the former Romanesque cathedral of San Pietro extramuros, made of red trachyte in the second half of the eleventh century.

The landscape around Bosa is characterized by the cultivation of olive trees on the hillsides bordering both sides of the river. The valley is surrounded by mountains of volcanic origin variously stratified and the coastal area is characterized by picturesque headlands and bays, with sand, rich in iron, used for the treatment of rheumatism. The flora and fauna of the valley are strongly influenced by the presence of the river. This is a very important area as it houses many examples of griffon vulture. In addition there are species like the red kite, golden eagle, Bonelli's eagle and peregrine falcon. The presence of monk seals, an endangered species, is also the possible.

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